One of the most popular instruments in ancient Greece, related with the worship of god Dionysus. It consists of two pipes, each one of them having a double reed mouthpiece and as an instrument it produces bacchic and ecstatic sound. We could call it as “ancient synthesizer”, since the performer was blowing it continuously with the technique of circular breathing. This instrument was used by professional performers, highly paid to play during symposiums, ritual ceremonies, private events, processions, wars, working-places, almost everywhere!

Lyra (Chelys)

The most beloved music instrument of god Apollo and one of the foremost string instruments in ancient Greece. It was used by amateur musicians as an accompaniment instrument for their vocals. It consists of the following parts: soundbox (echeion) from tortoise shell, arms, crossbar, bridge, skin that covers the soundbox, tailpiece, gut strings and tuning bulges. It was played with the fingers (like the harp) or with the plectrum (like the guitar).


The professional version of Lyra, since it was used by professional musicians called “Kitharode” (meaning the musician who was kithara player and singer). Compared with Lyra, Kitharis was consisting of wooden soundboard and soundbox instead of tortoise shell and skin. However, its technique remained the same as that of Lyra and its main role was to harmonically and rhythmically accompany the voice and the aulos. It was used mainly in theater and open-air events due to its rich and powerful sound.


Also known as “Pan-pipe”, it consists of 7 equal length pipes whose pitch was modulated by the addition of melted wax inside them. Its name originates from the nymph Syrinx (with whom god Pan was in love) who was transformed into cane-pipes. Pan then blew them and produced a soft mellow sound. Since then, Syrinx became his most beloved music instrument. Thus, instruments like this were used by shepherds who were directly associated with this deity, who was related with the "fauna" of Nature.